NOAA Federal Advisory Committees
The Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA) requires that certain procedures be followed whenever a Federal agency seeks the consensus advice of a group external to the Federal government. The purpose of Federal Advisory Committee (FAC) is to provide uniform standards for the operation of advisory committees used in the executive branch and to ensure public access to and knowledge of their deliberations. The following describes NOAA’s existing FACs.
ACCRES was established by the Secretary of Commerce on May 21, 2002, to advise the Secretary, through the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere, on matters relating to the U.S. commercial remote sensing industry and NOAA's activities to carry out responsibilities of the Department of Commerce as set forth in the National and Commercial Space Programs Act of 2010 (the Act), Title 51 U.S.C. § 60101 et seq.
ACCRES evaluates economic, technological, and institutional developments relating to commercial remote sensing and submits to the Under Secretary recommendations on promising new ideas and approaches for Federal policies and programs. ACCRES serves as a forum for the discussion of issues involving the relationship between industry activities and Government policies, programs, and regulatory requirements.
HSRP FAC was established by the NOAA Hydrographic Services Improvement Act to provide advice to the Under Secretary on all authorities related to hydrographic surveys. The HSRP is a federal advisory committee that provides NOAA with independent advice on improving the quality, efficiency, and usefulness of NOAA's navigation, observations, and positioning-related products, data, and services. The HSRP advises the NOAA Administrator about its navigation (i.e. nautical charts and ENCs), physical oceanographic (i.e. tides & water levels), geodetic, geospatial, positioning, and coastal and shoreline programs, products, and services. There are two public meetings each year in different port regions at which public comments from stakeholders and partners are sought. Most of the meetings include a webinar capability for those not in the area. The HSRP focuses on topics related to navigation observations and positioning services portfolio of the National Ocean Service. The meetings often include the following: updates from the three HSRP working groups (WG) including the Planning and Engagement WG, Technology WG, and Arctic Priorities WG; development and finalization of issue papers and recommendations to NOAA; comments and suggestions regarding white papers, regional, state and national priorities; and review and discussion of proposed priorities for the HSRP. The National Ocean Service program offices – National Geodetic Service, the Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services, the Office of Coast Survey, as well as the University of New Hampshire’s Joint Hydrographic Center and Center for Coastal and Ocean Mapping - are actively engaged and provide updates related to navigation services.
The Marine Fisheries Advisory Committee was established in 1971 by the Secretary of Commerce to provide advice on living marine resource matters under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Department of Commerce. Primarily, these matters fall under NOAA Fisheries.
Members represent a diverse set of perspectives from commercial, recreational, aquaculture, seafood and consumer, tribal, academic, environmental, and protected resources interest groups. Members draw on their expertise and other appropriate sources to advise on:
Setting national living marine resource policies.
Developing and implementing Departmental initiatives and programs.
Evaluating and recommending needed changes during reauthorization processes for the Magnuson-Steven, Endangered Species, and Marine Mammal Protection Acts.
Assessing other areas of interest to the Secretary and relevant to the mission and goals of NOAA Fisheries.
The National Sea Grant Advisory Board is the National Sea Grant College Program's Federal Advisory Committee (FAC). The Board advises NOAA and the National Sea Grant College Program on strategies to address the Nation's highest priorities in terms of the understanding, assessment, development, management utilization and conservation of ocean, coastal and Great Lakes resources.
The SAB is the only federal advisory committee that advises the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere (Under Secretary) on strategies for research, education, and application of science to operations and information services. This advice helps the agency to better understand and predict changes in Earth’s environment, and to better conserve and manage coastal and marine resources to meet the Nation’s economic, social, and environmental needs. The SAB advises the Under Secretary on other scientific matters upon request, submits reports to the Under Secretary, and conducts laboratory, cooperative institute, and program reviews, as requested.
NOAA established the Ocean Exploration Advisory Board (OEAB) under the Federal Advisory Committee Act and legislation that gives NOAA statutory authority to operate an ocean exploration program and to coordinate a national program of ocean exploration. The OEAB advises NOAA leadership on:
competitive ocean exploration grant programs; and,
other matters as requested
Ocean Research Advisory Panel (ORAP)
The Ocean Research Advisory Panel (ORAP) is authorized under the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283), § 1055(c) (10 U.S.C. § 8933) to provide the Ocean Policy Committee (OPC) of the National Oceanographic Partnership Program (NOPP) with independent scientific advice and recommendations on national oceanographic matters. Specifically, the ORAP has the following responsibilities:
- To advise the Committee on policies and procedures to implement the National Oceanographic Partnership Program.
- To advise the Committee on matters relating to national oceanographic science, engineering, facilities, or resource requirements.
- To advise the Committee on improving diversity, equity, and inclusion in the ocean sciences and related fields.
- To advise the Committee on national ocean research priorities.
- Any additional responsibilities that the Committee considers appropriate.
Pursuant to the Promoting Research and Observations of Space Weather to Improve the Forecasting of Tomorrow (PROSWIFT) Act, 51 U.S.C. § 60601 et seq., the Administrator of NOAA and the National Science and Technology Council’s Space Weather Operations, Research, and Mitigation (SWORM) Subcommittee established the Space Weather Advisory Group (SWAG) on April 21, 2021. The SWAG is the only Federal Advisory Committee that advises and informs the interest and work of the SWORM. The SWAG is to receive advice from the academic community, the commercial space weather sector, and nongovernmental space weather end users to carry out the responsibilities of the SWAG set forth in the PROSWIFT Act, 51 U.S.C. § 60601 et seq.
The SWAG is directed to advise the SWORM on the following:
Facilitating advances in the space weather enterprise of the United States;
Improving the ability of the United States to prepare for, mitigate, respond to, and recover from space weather phenomena;
Enabling the coordination and facilitation of research to operations and operations to research, as described in section 60604(d) of title 51, United States Code; and
Developing and implementing the integrated strategy under 51 U.S.C. 60601(c), including subsequent updates and reevaluations.
The SWAG shall also conduct a comprehensive survey of the needs of users of space weather products to identify the space weather research, observations, forecasting, prediction, and modeling advances required to improve space weather products, as required by 51 U.S.C. 60601(d)(3). This survey will be updated every 3 years as appropriate.
The U.S. IOOS Advisory Committee is a federal advisory committee that provides advice to the NOAA Administrator and the Interagency Ocean Observation Committee (IOOC), in fulfillment of the Integrated Coastal and Ocean Observation System Act, part of the Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-11), and the Coordinated Ocean Observations and Research Act of 2020 (Public Law No: 116-271). They advise on the:
- administration, operation, management, and maintenance of the U.S. IOOS, including integration of federal and non-federal assets and data management and communication aspects of U.S. IOOS, in fulfillment of the ICOOS Act;
- expansion and periodic modernization and upgrade of technology components of U.S. IOOS;
- identification of end-user communities, their needs for information provided by U.S. IOOS, and U.S. IOOS’ effectiveness in disseminating information to end-user communities and the general public;
- national surface current network, fleet acquisition and survey programs for uncrewed systems, remote sensing and data assimilation, sediment transport in coastal regions, a multi-region marine sound monitoring system, and any other purpose identified by the Administrator or the IOOC.