Marine Pollution

The global marine environment faces threats of pollution from a variety of land, sea and air-based sources. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOSC) offsite link addresses these threats primarily in Articles 207-212. Over the years since the LOSC was negotiated, several additional agreements have been developed to address specific types of pollution. In addition, with the growing recognition of the importance of the marine environment and the increasing threats to its health, many of these agreements have been strengthened to improve their effectiveness. These include the following agreements followed by their date of entry into force:

The United States is a party to each of these agreements except the 1996 Protocol to the London Dumping Convention, the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and Sediments, and MARPOL Annex IV.

Additional reference information: 

  • White House Press Release, Statement by the President on the Coast Guard Authorization Act which includes language to implement the International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships.