HPCC locations and systems

Image is a topographic map of the United States indicating geographic locations of NOAA high performance computing (HPC) systems. KEY: (O) Operational HPC Systems, (R&D) Research and Development HPC Systems, and (CI) Cooperative Institute Grant Funded HPC.  Locations: (R&D) Boulder, CO Development HPC - Jet (1,795 Tflops). 40,300k Monthly Compute Hours; (CI) Starkville, MS, NOAA CI Grant HPC - Orion (5,000 Tflops), EStimated 50,000K Monthly Compute Hours; (R&D) Oak Ridge, TN, Research HPC - Gaea (5,290 Tflops), 96,100K Monthly Compute Hours; (O) Orlando, FL - Backup/Development (4,200 Tflops); (O) Reston, VA - Primary (4,200 Tflops); (R&D) Princeton, NJ, Post-Processing & Analysis; (R&D) Fairmont, WV, Development HPC - Hera (4,750 Tflops), 38,000K Monthly Compute Hours.

To improve the accuracy and timeliness of predictions, there is an ever-increasing volume of complex data and equations that need to be processed. NOAA currently operates four  Research and Development High Performance Computing Systems (RDHPCS).

Internal Research & Development HPC Systems 

- Managed by NOAA (requires NOAA email ID to access)

JET - Located at David Scaggs Research Center (DSRC) in Boulder, Colorado. JET is primarily used for hurricane research.

HERA - Located at NOAA Environmental Security Computing Center (NESCC) in Fairmont, West Virginia. HERA replaced Theia in the Summer 2019. HERA is now extensively used for weather research and development.

GAEA - Located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. GAEA is primarily used for long-term climate and weather predictions and projections.

External Research & Development HPC System

- Managed by Mississippi State University (does not require NOAA email ID to access)

ORION - Located in Mississippi State University (MSU) in Starkville, Mississippi. Orion is funded via a grant from NOAA.  It provides increased resources for scientific research and greater opportunities for collaboration with the academic community. 

Operational HPC System

WCOSS - Located in Reston, Virginia, and Orlando, Florida. NOAA's Weather and Climate Operational Supercomputing System is known as WCOSS.  WCOSS stores all of the forecast data generated by the operational supercomputers of NOAA's National Weather Service.  WCOSS is managed by the National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Central Operations.

Other R&D HPC System Resources

Niagara - Located at NESCC in Fairmont, WV. It is primarily used for collaboration of R&D data with NOAA's researchers around the globe.

PPAN - Located in the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) in Princeton, New Jersey. The Post-Processing and Analysis (PPAN) system supports GFDL’s science community by providing a place to further analyze and interpret models generated on HPC systems.