2021 Science Olympiad: Physical and geological oceanography

Resources for the 2021 Science Olympiad challenge in Dynamic Planet: Physical and geological oceanography

Background information

Earth-Ocean Interactions Program FAQ about seafloor vents 
This page explores hydrothermal vents. Check out the links on the right-hand side for more information. 

Estuary education 
Estuaries are where a river meets the ocean or a Great Lake. On this site, there are a variety of resources, including specially developed activities, animations, videos, teacher training workshops, real-time data, and opportunities to engage with your local estuary reserve. 

National Ocean Service (NOS) education 
The NOS education portal contains activities, case studies, and other educational resources. Science Olympiad teams might find the pages on coral reef formation, currents, and tides particularly useful. This unit helps connect energy between the ocean and the atmosphere.

NOAA Ocean Acidification Program 
The Ocean Acidification Program website includes research, data, and background information on ocean pH. Their education page also includes lessons and webinars.

Ocean exploration tools
Scientists collect oceanographic data using a variety of tools and technologies. This page highlights some of the technologies that make exploration possible today and the scientific achievements that result from this exploration. 

What is the mid-ocean ridge? 
This article from the Office of Ocean Exploration and Research describes how the mid-ocean ridge system formed and its features.

What is ocean acidification? 
The Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory Carbon Program’s primer on ocean acidification explores background information and includes the impacts on different animals. Their education page adds visualizations, webinars, and data.

Data resources

Bathymetric data center 
This interactive viewer allows for the identification of NOAA bathymetric data for both visualization and download. The viewer contains single-beam tracklines, multibeam surveys and mosaics for data visualization, the NOS hydrographic surveys, BAG footprints and shaded imagery, digital elevation models (DEMs), and coastal LiDAR datasets available.

Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) data
The IOOS data portal houses thousands of datasets on a variety of topics including ocean currents and water chemistry. These datasets are organized by region and you can also search or browseoffsite link by topic tags. 

Marine geology and geophysics
Part of the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI), this website houses a collection of marine geology and bathymetry maps and datasets. Different types of data collection techniques are available. 

National Data Buoy Center
The National Data Buoy Center provides real-time environmental observations collected from buoys around the world. View both recent and historical information on ocean and weather conditions, as well as any current tsunami activity. Graphs and tables of data are available for water column height at each buoy location.

National Weather Service marine forecasts
The National Weather Service monitors coastal marine and Great Lake conditions. Forecasts and warnings, such as those for wind, flooding, tropical storms, and tsunami, can be found here. 

Nautical charts
Download nautical charts and electronic and raster navigational charts from NOAA’s Office of Coast Survey (OCS). Some charts date back to the origin of the OCS in the early 1800s. These charts are available in different formats.

NOAA View data exploration tool
This interactive map from the National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS) allows you to explore physical/geological, chemical, and biological data for the ocean (and beyond!). Watch the demo video for tips on how to use this tool. 

Ocean model current areas
The Ocean Prediction Center provides ocean current forecasts in knots. There is a whole-ocean forecast available, as well as regional forecasts for much of the North Atlantic and North Pacific. 

Tides & currents
Explore real-time tide, weather, and current observations from an interactive station map. Find high and low tide and graphs of measurements over time by clicking on a station.

Related NOAA Education resource collections
Ocean facts