2021 Science Olympiad: Meteorology

Resources for the 2021 Science Olympiad challenge in meteorology

National Weather Service JetStream: An online school for weather
JetStream has comprehensive information on a variety of meteorology and atmospheric science topics, including severe weather phenomena, winds, precipitation, atmospheric circulation, upper air charts, global weather, synoptic weather, and smaller scale phenomena like thunderstorms, Doppler radar, satellites, and more. The NOAA Cloudwise poster includes clear photographs of many different cloud types. 

National Severe Storms Lab
The National Severe Storms Lab (NSSL) research laboratory studies a wide range of severe weather, including tornadoes, lightning, winds, hail, flash floods, and winter weather. New technology developed by NSSL, including research into the topics of weather processes, radars, and models, benefits National Weather Service forecasters by providing them with new tools. NSSL’s education page can help your students jump into the world of severe weather. The Severe Weather 101 portal includes overviews a variety of phenomena.

Storm Prediction Center
The National Weather Service’s Storm Prediction Center’s (SPC) is a great source for current severe weather conditions and forecasts, climatologies, and general references. SPC focuses mainly on forecasting severe weather phenomena and fire weather outlooks. The mesoscale analysis page provides a detailed look at smaller scale conditions that may lead to severe weather and includes maps and meteorological features. Archives provide analysis of past events, along with archived local storm reports. The FAQ allows you to quickly find introductory information about SPC forecast products and severe weather phenomena. 

Weather Spotter’s Field Guide
A part of SKYWARN® Storm Spotter training, this useful guide includes explanations and safety information about severe weather phenomena. The guide explains thunderstorm characteristics, hail, winds, lightning, and tornadoes with great photos and illustrations. The guide also discusses how Doppler radar can be used to monitor severe weather.

National Hurricane Center
The National Hurricane Center (NHC) issues watches, warnings, forecasts, and analyses of hazardous tropical weather. The NHC web site provides hazardous tropical weather information for the northern Atlantic and the eastern portion of the northern Pacific Oceans. The educational resources section includes information about the hurricane life cycle, NHC forecast processes and forecast products, and tropical cyclone-related hazards like storm surge, as well as a glossary and comprehensive FAQ.

Central Pacific Hurricane Center
The Central Pacific Hurricane Center focuses on hazardous tropical cyclones and the potential for them for the portion of the Pacific Ocean from 140° W to 180° W longitude. Their website includes outlooks, forecast discussions, a glossary, and an FAQ with information about tropical systems in this region.

National Weather Service Weather Prediction Center
The National Weather Service Weather Prediction Center (WPC) is part of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction. The WPC provides weather maps and analyses and predictions related to surface weather, including fronts and potential for excessive rainfall and winter weather.  

National Weather Service Education
The National Weather Service Education page featuring Owlie Skywarn includes overviews of weather science and safety. Materials are straightforward and easy to access. 

NOAA SciJinks
SciJinks features information, illustrations, and learning tools for many different weather topics! The precipitation simulator may be particularly helpful to Science Olympiad students.

Structured Training Courses from COMET MetEdoffsite link
The NOAA-sponsored MetEd program provides structured education and training resources related to meteorology and other topics at a variety of difficulty levels. Some suggested lessons and modules you may want to start with are Weather radar fundamentals, Remote sensing using satellites, Winter weather, and Hurricane strike.

National Weather Service Safety Tips
The National Weather Service safety page offers life-saving tips for before, during, and after hazardous weather. It also defines watches versus warnings.

Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters
The National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) is responsible for monitoring and assessing the climate. NCEI tracks and evaluates climate events in the U.S. and globally that have great economic and societal impacts. Explore their reporting that dates back to 1980.

NOAA Satellite and Information Service Imagery and Data
Explore and download real-time and archived high resolution satellite imagery. 

National Forecast Chart Archive
View forecast charts from 2001 through the present. 

Convective Watches Archive
View narrative and graphic severe thunderstorm threats from 2004 through the present.

Storm Prediction Center Product & Report Archives
Explore archives of convective outlooks, mesoscale discussions, severe weather watches, thunderstorm outlooks, fire weather outlooks, and preliminary storm reports. 

Joint Typhoon Warning Center (U.S. Navy)
The Joint Typhoon Warning Center monitors the Indian and western Pacific Ocean for hazardous tropical cyclones and conditions that may produce such storms. The Annual Tropical Cyclone Reports archives maps of storm tracks and summaries of the storms that occurred in each year.

Related NOAA Education resource collections:

Recent severe weather events: